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Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention


Background to the VMMC Collections

In 2007, WHO and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS recommended that 14 priority countries with high HIV and low male circumcision prevalence in Southern and Eastern Africa consider implementing Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC) as a key intervention in their HIV prevention portfolio.

A massive public health intervention launched in 2009 with support from WHO/UNAIDS calling for 80% coverage of male circumcision by 2016.

These PLOS Collections detail the opportunites and challenges of the program, providing the next prioritization strategies in order to ensure successful scale-up and further reductions in HIV incidence.


New Mathematical Models for Prioritizing Sub-Populations by Age & Geography

This collection features new mathematical models that can help country decision-makers examine the potential effects of targeting sub-populations for voluntary medical male circumcision services.


Improving Quality, Efficiency, Cost Effectiveness, & Demand for Services during an Accelerated Scale-up

This collection examines lessons learned from the scaled-up VMMC program since 2008. Research focuses on numerous programs, identifying strengths and challenges, including demand creation and cost controls.


The Cost, Impact, and Challenges of Accelerated Scale-Up

This collection highlights how scaling up VMMC for HIV prevention in eastern and southern Africa can help prevent HIV, not only at individual but also at community and population level.