When you choose to publish with PLOS, your research makes an impact. Make your work accessible to all, without restrictions, and accelerate scientific discovery with options like preprints and published peer review that make your work more Open.
Humans and other animals must make decisions in order to survive. To make a decision, it is necessary to consider the costs and benefits of a given choice and learn from the resulting outcomes to make better decisions in the future. Abnormal reward and decision making processes are core components of many psychiatric disorders and are believed, in part, to contribute to the psychosocial problems observed in individuals with these disorders. PLOS ONE, PLOS Biology, and PLOS Computational Biology are proud to present this Collection, which provides insights into the neural basis of reward and decision making, with included papers using techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging, electroencephalography, and optogenetic stimulation.